Dr Shayz Ikram
Product Specialist
+44 (0)1372 378822

physical property measurement

Quantum Design PPMS Physical Property Measurement System

Quantum Design PPMS

Physical Property Measurement System

The Quantum Design PPMS represents a unique concept in laboratory equipment: an open architecture, variable temperature-field system, designed to perform a variety of automated measurements.

Use the PPMS with specially-designed measurement options, or easily adapt it to your own experiments. Sample environment controls include fields up to ±16 tesla and temperature range of 1.9 - 400 K.  Its advanced expandable design combines many features in one instrument to make the PPMS  the most versatile system of its kind.


  • Sealed sample chamber with 2.6 cm diameter sample access
  • EverCool-II cryogen-free cooling technology
  • Versatile sample mounts couple easily to the 12 electrical leads built into the cryostat insert
  • The PPMS is controlled by the Model 6000, a sophisticated microprocessor-controlled device that eliminates the need to use or purchase external bridges, current or voltage sources, or lock-in amplifiers
  • Continuous Low-Temperature Control – maintains temperature below 4.2 K and offers smooth temperature transitions when warming and cooling through 4.2 K
  • Temperature Sweep Mode
  • User Experiments – External instruments may be controlled automatically using an integrated Visual Basic interface within the Windows-based MultiVu control software or by controlling external Visual C++, Delphi or Visual Basic programs
  • PPMS Magnet Options
    - Select from 7, 9, 14 and 16 tesla magnets
    - Or order a system with no magnet and add a magnet when needed
    - A split-coil 7 tesla transverse magnet is also available
  • Contact: Dr Shayz Ikram
    Product Specialist

    +44 (0)1372 378822

    Contact: David Want
    Product Specialist

    +44 (0)1372 378822


    Low Temperature Stages

    Helium-3 Refrigerator Option

    Continuous operation down to 0.5 K

    Compatible with Heat Capacity, Electrical Transport and DC Resistivity measurements


    Dilution Refrigerator Option

    Continuous operation from 4 K down to 50 mK

    Compatible with Heat Capacity, AC Susceptibility for DR, and Electrical Transport measurements


    Adiabatic Demagnetisation Refrigerator (ADR)

    World’s fastest <100 mK cryogenic refrigerator for PPMS & DynaCool

    From 300 K to ~100 mK in <3 hours

    Holds temperature below 1.9 K for more than 2 hours

    Allows DC resistivity and Electrical Transport measurements

    8 leads allow for measurements of two samples simultaneously

    Sample space: 23 mm diameter and 14 mm height

    Allows ultra-low temperature measurements with lower financial investment

    Measurements only in zero field

    PPMS Requirements: High vacuum and DC resistivity

    Thermal Measurements

    Heat Capacity Option

    Completely automated relaxation technique from 1.9 - 400 K

    Integrated data acquisition electronics and analysis software


    Thermal Transport Option

    AC Resistivity ρ

    Measured by using precision DSP current source and phase-sensitive voltage detection (AC Transport).

    Thermal Conductivity κ

    Measured by applying heat from the heater shoe in order to create a user-specified temperature differential between the two thermometer shoes.

    Seebeck Coefficient α

    Measured by creating a specified temperature drop between the two thermometer shoes - just as it does to measure thermal conductivity. However, for Seebeck coefficient the voltage drop created between the thermometer shoes is also monitored.

    Thermoelectric Figure of Merit ZT

    Determined here simply as the algebraic combination α2T /(κρ) of the three measured quantities - thermal conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and AC electrical resistivity.


    Vibrating Sample Magnetometer Option (VSM)

    RMS Sensitivity: < 10-6 emu with 1 sec averaging

    Optional VSM Oven up to 1000 K

    First Order Reversal Curve (FORC) Measurements Option

    Provides a quantitative fingerprint of the magnetic reversal mechanisms

    Fully automated FORC acquisition using MultiVu

    Preformatted output file for easy import into post-processing software

    Torque Magnetometry Option

    Measures the magnetic torque = mBsinθ

    Designed to measure moments of very small anisotropic samples

    AC Susceptibility Option (ACMS II)

    AC Susceptibility

    Sensitivity: 1 x 10-8 emu

    Amplitude: 0.005 Oe – 15 Oe (peak)

    Frequency Range: 10 Hz – 10 KHz

    Direct phase nulling technique measures and cancels background AC phase shifts at every measurement

    DC Magnetisation

    Sensitivity: 5 x 10-6 emu

    AC Susceptibility Option for DR (ACDR)

    AC Susceptibility

    Drive Amplitude: 0.002 Oe – 4 Oe (peak)

    Sensitivity: 5 x 10-7 emu

    Phase Accuracy: 2°

    Frequency Range: 10 Hz to 10 kHz

    DC Field Range

    Up to ±12 T

    Temperature Range

    50 mK – 4 K

    Ultra Low Field Option (ULF)

    Reduces residual field to < 0.1 G

    Magneto-Optic Option

    TLS120Xe High Power Tuneable Light Source

    100 W Short-Arc Xenon Arc Lamp

    Wavelength Range: 280 nm – 1100 nm

    Direct wavelength control through front panel or MultiVu

    MLS Xenon Light Source

    300 W Short-Arc Xenon Arc Lamp

    10 position filter wheel

    9 bandpass filters (436 nm, 470 nm, 500 nm, 530 nm, 555 nm, 585 nm, 640 nm, 740 nm, 850 nm)


    AC Transport Option

    For performing AC Resistivity, Hall Effect, I-V Curve Tracing, and Critical Current measurements

    1 nV sensitivity, nΩ resolution at 2 A

    Drive amplitude 10 μA to 2 A

    DC Resistivity Option

    Four independent channels for performing DC resistivity

    Electrical Transport Option (ETO)

    For performing AC Resistance, Hall Effect, I-V, and Differential Resistance (dV/dI vs. I) measurements.

    1nV sensitivity, 10 nΩ resolution at 100 mA

    AC and DC drive amplitude 10 nA to 100 mA

    Resistance ranges from 10 µΩ to 5 GΩ

    Horizontal & Vertical Sample Rotators

    Thermometer located on rotator platform.

    Precision, stepper controlled rotator.

    Multi-Function Probe

    Direct axial ports to the sample stage are provided to install light pipes, fibre optic cables, microwave guides and/or extra electrical leads.


    PPMS SPM by attocube Systems

    PPMS SPM Features:

    Unrivaled performance in the PPMS environment

    Compatible with the PPMS operating range

    - Temperature: 1.9 K – 400 K

    - Field: ± 16 T

    MFM resolution: Below 20 nm

    Positioning range: 3 × 3 mm

    Scanning range: 12 × 12 μm2

    Microscopy options include:

    Magnetic Force Microscope (attoMFM Ixs)

    Atomic Force Microscope (attoAFM Ixs)

    Scanning Hall Probe Microscope (attoSHPM xs)

    Confocal Microscope (attoCFM xs)

    High Pressure

    High Pressure Cell for Magnetometry

    Introducing a novel, high pressure cell for magnetometry that allows easier sample insertion and removal without the need of an hydraulic press. This pressure cell, manufactured by HMD, comes in a complete kit that contains all the accessories you will need to aid in the characterisation of your samples.

    Benefits of the HMD Pressure Cell:

    All BeCu design for more uniform magnetic background

    No copper ring seal ensures easy sample removal

    All necessary accessories conveniently packaged

    Compatible with VSM transport

    No hydraulic press necessary


    Maximum Applied Pressure – 1.3 GPa

    Sample Space Diameter – 1.7 or 2.2 mm

    Sample Space Length – 7 mm max

    Cell Diameter – 8.5 mm

    Temperature Range – 1.8 to 400 K

    Please Note: Requires VSM and Large Bore Coil Set


    Hydrostatic Pressure Cell for Electrical Measurements

    Introducing a hydrostatic pressure cell for electrical measurements designed for use in all PPMS platform instruments (PPMS, DynaCool, VersaLab) . This pressure cell, manufactured by ElectroLab, is compatible with Quantum Design’s DC Resistivity, ACT and ETO measurement options.

    Benefits of the ElectroLab Pressure Cell:

    Based on BeCu pressure cell technology

    Integrated external thermometer

    10 sample leads (5 twisted pairs)

    Compatible with all QD PPMS platforms

    Manufactured by the leading supplier of hydrostatic pressure cells in Japan

    Several press sets also available


    Maximum Applied Load – 3.0 GPa

    Maximum Sample Pressure – 2.7 GPa

    Sample Space Diameter – 4.0 mm

    Sample Space Length – 6.0 mm max

    Temperature Range – 1.9 to 400 K

    Spectroscopy and FMR/CryoFMR

    Raman & Luminescence Spectroscopy System

    Quantum Design's new Spectroscopy System combines Raman and Photo-Luminescence spectroscopy with optical sample imaging in the variable temperature and magnetic field environment of the PPMS. Using this "turn-key" system, gaseous, liquid and solid materials, in bulk or thin film form, may be investigated. Raman spectroscopy is a non-destructive spectroscopic technique used to identify and explore vibrational, rotational, and other excitation modes in a sample. Raman spectroscopy is commonly used to identify crystalline materials by measuring their specific Raman "fingerprint." This is done by measuring the inelastic scattering of light. In crystalline samples, the inelastic gain or loss of energy produces narrow discrete peaks known as Stokes and Anti-Stokes peaks, respectively. Glasses, in contrast, have broad vibrational spectra that in turn give rise to broad Raman spectra. When using the versatile PPMS Spectroscopy System, the study of spin-lattice coupling in strongly correlated oxides as a function of temperature and magnetic field is made easy through the highly automated MultiVu interface.

    Various Wavelengths (532, 785, and 850 nm)

    Tilt and Tip control

    Volume Holographic Grating

    Ultra-Narrow-Band Notch Filter

    Compact Footprint


    Structural Identification

    Impurity Detection

    Crystallisation Analysis

    Bulk and thin film

    Stokes and Anti-Stokes Signal

    NanOsc FMR Spectrometers

    The CryoFMR spectrometer is a plug and play system that allows broadband CPW-FMR characterisation with lock-in capability. It includes its own RF frequency source as well as lock-in detection module, so that the only parts required to conduct an experiment are a computer for software control and a PPMS platform. Temperature range: 4 K to 400 K. Frequency Range from 2 GHz up to 40 GHz.

    (Andor Shamrock 193i Spectrograph with
    Compact Imaging SpectrographiVac 316 CCD)

    Quantum Design now adds in-situ structural and chemical spectra analysis to PPMS materials characterisation measurements at low temperature and high magnetic fields. This ability answers a growing demand in the research community. Offering a wide range of modular interfaces that feature cage system couplers, Quantum Design offers endlessly configurable connections between the Compact Imaging Spectrograph and the PPMS Optical Multi-Function Probe (OMFP). The spectrograph's "wide aperture" slit opens the door to a single set up with the OMFP to image the sample, while also allowing spectral information collection through the same optical path from the microscope.


    Integrated control and data acquisition through PPMS MultiVu software

    Dual grating turret with RFID

    Dual Detector Output

    Adaptive Focus

    Pre-aligned and calibrated

    Compact and rugged design


    Absorption, Transmission, and Reflection

    Raman (532, 785, and 850 nm)

    Fluorescence and Luminescence


    Dilatometer Option

    Measures relative expansion (dilation) and first derivative (coefficient of expansion) with respect to temperature and field, with sub-angstrom sensitivity. This is accomplished using a differential ratiometric capacitance bridge, operating at 2.340 kHz, which offers high sensitivity and dynamic range.


    Optical Multi-Function Probe

    The newly designed Optical Multi-Function Probe (OMFP) offers unprecedented flexibility and versatility that allows you to conduct photonic, quantum optics and correlative microscopy experiments within the variable temperature and magnetic field environments of the PPMS, DynaCool and VersaLab. The OMFP probe features a room temperature “head” with multiple access ports and integrated optical breadboard for mounting optical components such as spherical and achromatic lenses, turning mirrors, filters, diffusers, beam splitters, prisms, waveplates, fibre bundles and electrical wiring. The open modular design of the probe head provides easy access to the axial ports and connectors which can be configured to route electrical, single fibres, fibre bundles and miniature waveguides to the sample space. In addition, a central optical access port allows free-beam optics experiments in the cryostat. A 0.5 in. standard optical thread mount makes aligning and focusing lens assemblies fast and easy.


    Available for VersaLab, DynaCool and PPMS

    Half inch (SM05) free-beam access port for optical capability along optical path

    Direct axial electrical, SMA and other ports to sample stage provided to install light pipes, fibre optics cables, and/or electrical leads

    2 sets of 4 electrical leads on sample PCB interface for electrical transport experiments

    Multiple measurement capability (e.g., electrical resistivity, Hall effect, Van der Pauw, magnetometry and other optical measurements)

    Integrated wiring for optional motorised Cartesian positioning system (3 x 3 x 3 mm movement capability)

    Sample stage with integrated thermometer

    Multi-Position filter and lens mounts for cold region of probe

    300 K to 50 K, ± 3 T (VersaLab); 300 K to 1.8 K, ± 14 T (DynaCool); 300 K to 1.9 K, ± 16 T (PPMS)


    Free optics studies

    Fibre optics measurements

    Thermal-Optical properties

    Magneto-Optical properties

    Cartesian Positioning System

    A fully motorized Cartesian sample positioning system can be used with the Optical Multi-Function Probe (OMFP) to focus a laser beam or other excitation source on a particular region of the sample. The Cartesian positioning system provides for an XYZ movement capability of 3 x 3 x 3 mm.

    Magneto-Optic Option

    TLS120Xe High Power Tuneable Light Source

    100 W Short-Arc Xenon Arc Lamp

    Wavelength Range: 280 nm – 1100 nm

    Direct wavelength control through front panel or MultiVu

    MLS Xenon Light Source

    300 W Short-Arc Xenon Arc Lamp

    10 position filter wheel

    9 bandpass filters (436 nm, 470 nm, 500 nm, 530 nm, 555 nm, 585 nm, 640 nm, 740 nm, 850 nm)

    Supplier info:

    For even more information, why not visit our suppliers website.